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Correlational findings

Study Graham et al. (2004): study RU 1995

Public:
10+ aged, general public, Russia, 1995-2000
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 5269
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Change in smoking
Our Classification
Operationalization
T1-T2 change in smoking
a: quit smoking
b: started smoking
c: kept smoking

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na = T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in smoking O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na Beta = +.14 ns Quit smoking O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na Beta = +.25 ns started smoking O-SLW-c-sq-v-5-na Beta = -.04 ns kept smoking

Beta's controlled for change in:
- static variables
  - age
  - male
  - minority
- status variables
  - income
  - education level
  - educational participation
  - health (illness, hospital, problems)
  - marital status
  - employment (retirement, unemployment)