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Correlational findings

Study Moller (2007a): study ZA 2002

Public:
Adults, general public, South Africa, 2002
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 26000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews in language of choice of respondent

Correlate

Authors's label
About future
Our Classification
Operationalization
1:Pessimistic about future
2:Optimistic  about future

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-c D% = +                   % happy  % neutral  % unhappy
Pissimistic          45       11         44
Optimistic           54       13         33
O-SLu-g-sq-n-11-c gH = -.22 p < .00