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Correlational findings

Study Huff-Fox (1977): study US 1970

Public:
Older white middle-class women, USA, 1970
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 212
Non Response:
Assessment:
Multiple asesment methods
Face-to-face interview, questionnaire and medical examinations

Correlate

Authors's label
Retirement
Our Classification
Remarks
20 of the housewives had worked outside the home M Age= 60,7 retirees = 65,8 (range 51-72), Workers = 56,7 (range 48-66), housewives = 61,5 (range 49-73) (code reversed in original question)
Distribution
N: Retirees = 56, Workers = 87, Housewives = 69
Operationalization
Self report on single question:
Are you retired from full-time work in your lifetime occupation?
1 Retired
0 Not retired:
    a  still working
    b  never worked, full-time housewife

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e DM = - p < .05 none Retired                              M = 2,11
Not Retired
-still working                      M = 3,44
-never worked,full-time housewives  M = 3,60

Difference
-Retirees - workers    = -1,330
-Retirees - housewives = -1,490
-Workers  - housewives = -0,160
A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -1.3 none RETIRED (vs WORKING) A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = +1.9 p < .05 none B controlled for age A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -.59 ns none B controlled for income A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -.82 ns none B controlled for health A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -.74 ns none B controlled for of social contact A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -1.7 p < .05 none B controlled for number of relatives A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -.27 ns none B controlled for income and health A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = +.04 ns none B controlled for income, health and general level of social contact A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -1,5 ns none RETIRED A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -1.3 ns none B controlled for age A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -.86 ns none B controlled for income A-BB-cw-mq-v-4-e b = -1.2 ns none B controlled for attendance of non-religious association meetings