Correlational findings

Study Lewis & Joseph (1996a): study GB 1993

Students, Northern Ireland, 1993
N = 63
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class


Authors's Label
Satisfaction with Life Scale
Our Classification
Iten E does not fit the concept of happiness used in this World database of happiness, since one can enjoy life, but would still be open for another way of life. Consequently the full inventory is not accepted as a valid measure of happiness
Self report on 5 questions
Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
E  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing
Answers rated:
7  strongly agree
6  agree
5  slightly agree
4  neither agree nor disagree
3  slightly disagree
2  disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5

Name: Shortened Diener's Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BMc-cw-mq-v-4-a r = +.47 p < .001 Affect Balance (McGreal) by Life-satisfaction index (Diener)