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Correlational findings

Study Ott (2005): study ZZ 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 78 nations, 1991-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Control of Corruption
Our Classification
Operationalization
Perceptions of corruption, conventionally defined as the exercise of public power for personal gain. Scores based on cross-country perceptions of enterprise, citizens and experts. Data from 37 sources, constructed by 31 organizations.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.69 Average happiness (mean) by control of corruption in 78 nations.

Remark: Inequality of happiness (SD) by control of corruption: r = -.66, meaning that more control of corrupion goes with less inequality in happiness.