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Correlational findings

Study Ott (2005): study ZZ 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 78 nations, 1991-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Social Security
Our Classification
Operationalization
Social expenditures on pensions, health care, employement, injury, sickness, family, housing and social assistance benefits in cash and in kind,including administrative expenditure, expressed as GDP-percentage.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.34 Average happiness (mean) by social expenditures per capita in 78 nations.

Remark: Inequality of happiness (SD) by social security expenditures: r = -.50, meaning that more social security goes with less inequality in happiness.