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Correlational findings

Study Ott (2005): study ZZ 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 78 nations, 1991-2001
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 100000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Social Security
Our Classification
Remarks
Source: ILO 2001; Social Security; a new consensus; statistical annex.
Distribution
Range: 1,7 (Indonesia) - 34,7 (Sweden).
Operationalization
Social expenditures on pensions, health care, employement, injury, sickness, family, housing and social assistance benefits in cash and in kind,including administrative expenditure, expressed as GDP-percentage.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.34 Average happiness (mean) by social expenditures per capita in 78 nations.

Remark: Inequality of happiness (SD) by social security expenditures: r = -.50, meaning that more social security goes with less inequality in happiness.