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Correlational findings

Study Mollenkopf & Kaspar (2005): study DE 2000

Public:
55+ aged, general public, rural areas, East and West Germany, 2000
Survey name:
MOBILATE
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 762
Non Response:
41,6%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
PANAS
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 20 questions:
This scale consists of a number of words that describe different feelings and emotions. Read each item and mark the appropriate answer in the space next to that word. Indicate to what extend you felt this way during the past year?
A  nervous
B  distressed
C  afraid
D  jittery
E  irritable
F  upset
G  scared
H  exiled
I   ashamed
J   guilty
K  hostile
L  active
M  determined
N  inspired
O  enthusiastic
P  alert
Q  attentive
R  proud
S  strong
T  interested

Answer options:
1  very slightly or not at all
2  a little
3  moderately
4  quite a bit
5  extremely

Negative affect score (NAS): A to K
Positive affect score   (PAS): L to T
Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS - NAS

1: positive affect (PANAS+)
2: negative affect (PANAS-)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ba Beta = +.12 ns Positive affect O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-ba Beta = -.17 p < .01 Negative affect

Beta's controlled for:
Socio-demographic:
   - sex
   - age
   - satisfaction with finances
Health-related:
   - activities of daily living
   - visu-motoric coordination
   - satisfaction with health
Social network:
   - household type
   - network variety
Housing:
   - basic household features
   - home ownership
   - satisfaction with housing
Living area:
   - available services
   - neighbourhood features
   - satisfaction with living area
Mobility:
   - car use as passenger
   - car use as driver
   - satisfaction with public transport
   - satisfaction with mobility
Leisure time activities:
   - outdoor leisure activities
   - satisfaction with leisure activities

No interaction with region (East/West Germany)