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Correlational findings

Study Kawamoto & Doi (2002): study JP 1998

Public
65+ aged, Nomura, Japan, followed 3 years, 1998-2001
Sample
Respondents
N = 2274
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's Label
Vital status
Our Classification
Remarks
T1-T2 difference :3 year
Distribution
N = O: 90, 1: 2184
Operationalization
1 Alive at T2
0 Dead at T2

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-?-sq-ol-101-a DM = + p < .001               T1 happiness
T2 Alive      M = 69.0 SD = 20.7
T2 Dead       M = 62.9 SD = 26.0
- difference      +6.1
O-HL-?-sq-ol-101-a OR = ns A-AOL-?-sq-ol-101-a DM = + ns T2 Alive      M = 72.6 SD = 27.5
T2 Dead       M = 66.1 SD = 21.9
-difference       +6.5
A-AOL-?-sq-ol-101-a OR = 1.01 p < .055 CI95 [1.00-1.03]

OR's controled for:
-age
-gender
-basic activities{ADL}
-happiness (as measured in the other way)

Remark exerpist: OR is low in both cases because the other happiness indicator is controled.