Correlational findings

Study Barnett & Baruch (1987): study US 1980

Parents with children 4-10, USA, 1980
N = 320
Non Response:
60 %
Interview: face-to-face
Also mailed questionnaire, weekchart. Parents jointly used a chart to indicate 5 typical week days and for 2 typical weekend days the hours during which the target child and each parent were home and awake; they then indicated the nature of the child- parent interaction that typically occured during each of those hours.Each parent was interviewed in a separate room by a same sex interviewer


Authors's label
Mother's employment status
Our Classification
0: Not employed (Full-time housewife):
working less than 8 hrs per week
1: Employed (working mothers):
working at least 17,5 hrs a week for at least 3 months prior to the interview

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-a DM = - ns Full time housewife : M = 5,61
Working mother      : M = 5,44
Difference               -0,15