Correlational findings

Study Barnett & Baruch (1987): study US 1980

Parents with children 4-10, USA, 1980
N = 320
Non Response:
60 %
Interview: face-to-face
Also mailed questionnaire, weekchart. Parents jointly used a chart to indicate 5 typical week days and for 2 typical weekend days the hours during which the target child and each parent were home and awake; they then indicated the nature of the child- parent interaction that typically occured during each of those hours.Each parent was interviewed in a separate room by a same sex interviewer


Authors's label
Mothers total interaction time with children
Our Classification
Number of hours per week the mother spends in intermittent and intensive interaction with child, whether or not the father is present:
1= no interaction: parent and child are engaged in independent activity
2 = intermittent interaction: Parent and child each are doing their own things and interacting periodically
3 = intensive interaction: Parent and child are actively involved together.
Level 1 scores were omitted. Level 2 and 3 interaction scores were combined into a total interaction time score.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.04 ns Working mothers O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.03 ns Full-time housewives O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-a r = -.17 ns Fathers with working wife O-SLW-u-sq-v-7-a r = +.12 ns Fathers with full-time housewives