Correlational findings

Study Ferree (1980): study US 1974

Mothers, USA, 1974-75
N = 135
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Feminist attitudes
Our Classification
Index of
A) beliefs about appropriate sex roles: were represented by a 7 item Likert scale. Items dealt with work and family issues, but not with the approriateness of employment per se.

B) Support for political and economic change:
2-item measure of endorsement of collective action as a strategy for change:
- 2 single items asking for endorsement of "efforts to change women's status" and of "women's liberation"specifically.
- an 11 item subscale calling for judgements of whether specific changes endorsed by movement organizations would indeed improve womens's status. This subscale was weighted as a single item in computing the political feminism score.

C) Personal relevance: was addressed in a 4 item Guttman scale in which the respondent was asked how her life was affected by the movement and how personally important she felt it was to her.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-c-sq-n-0-a r = - p < .05 For employed women (N=74)
Negatively related to all 3 measures of feminism

No relation among fulltime housewives (N =61).