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Correlational findings

Study Heinonen et al. (2004): study FI 1997

Public
25-65 aged, 5 regions, Finland, 1997
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
36%
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
The FR-97 study was conducted in two phases. In the first fase the participants filled up the basic health questionaire and participated in comprehensive clinical test for cardiovascular disease risks(response rate 71%) In the second phase 60% of the participants were randomly selected to participate in the psychosocial part of the study

Correlate

Authors's Label
Non Respondente
Our Classification
Remarks
The happiness question was on the last page of a 15 pages questionnaire, wich may explain the high % no anser
Distribution
1:    2,9%
0:  97,1%
Operationalization
1 No anser
0 Anser

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QOL-cm-sq-ol-101-a F = - non-respondents tend to be
- older
- more depressed
- more anxious
- less active in daily live
- less healthy

Since these variables are related to happiness, non-respondents are likely to be less happy