print

Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1993b): study ZZ 1980 /2

Public:
Adults, general public, 31 nations, circa 1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 40000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Social security
Our Classification
Operationalization
Proportion of government expenditures (minus defense) taken as a proxy.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL---sq-nt-11-b r = +.51 p < .01 Average happiness by security expenditures in 26 nations