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Correlational findings

Study Kao et al. (2005): study TW 2001

Public:
65+ aged males living in veteran homes, Taiwan, followed 2 years 2001-2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 689
Non Response:
7,5%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
At T1 at subjects residence or quiet area

Correlate

Authors's label
Mortality
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: Died between T1 and T2 (2 years)
1: Survived

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e DMt = + p < .009 deceased:   Mt=  5,48;  SD=2,53
survived:   Mt=  6,18;  SD=2,20
            DMt=+0,70;
O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e = 0,01 O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e OR = Relative Risk of being dead at T2, compared to the very happy at T1 O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e OR = 0,92 p < .802 T1 fairly happy  CI95 [0,47-1,80] O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e OR = 1,16 p < .677 T1 so-so         CI95 [0,60-2,20] O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e OR = 1,72 p < .125 T1 unhappy       CI95 [0,86-3,42] O-HL-g-sq-v-5-e OR = 5,07 p < .000 T1 very unhappy  CI95 [2,26-11,37]

OR controlled for
- age
- T1 physical health as measured by
  - chronic diseases (yes/no)
  - emergency visits in past year (yes/no)
  - hospitalization in last year (yes/no)
  - physical performance rating (0-4)
  - excercise (never/seldon/usually/everyda)
  - selfrated global health