Correlational findings

Study TerBogt et al. (2003): study NL 2001

11-15 aged schoolchildren, the Netherlands, 2001
N = 7556
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class In addition to the HBSC questionnaire, the Youth self report was added: a list to register problem behaviour among children. In the version of the primary schools no questions were asked about sexuality and use of cannabis. An instruction was added for the teacher and an absence list.


Authors's label
School level
Our Classification
1) Vbo/Mavo(lower secundary school(vbo))
2) Mavo/Havo(middle secundary education (mavo)
3) Havo/Vwo(
higher secundary education (havo)
4) Vwo(pre-university education (vwo)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a OR = 0,71 Vbo C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a OR = 0,71 Mavo C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a OR = 0,90 Havo C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a OR = 1 Vwo

OR is chance of being happy (score 7 or higher)
OR controlled for :
- age
- gender
- ethnicity