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Correlational findings

Study Dekker (2007): study ZZ EU 25 2001

Public:
15+ aged, general public, EU 25 member states, 2001-2006
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 25
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Estimated development personal situation in last five years
Our Classification
Operationalization
If you compare your actual personal situation with your personal situation five years ago, would you say your personal situation has improved, deteriorated, or remained unchanged?
1: deteriorared
2: remained unchanged
3: improved

Computation: % of people estimating their personal situation has improved in the past 5 years (score 3), minus % of people estimating their personal situation has deteriorated (score 1).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.61 p < .001 % happy by % (3-1)

Figure 1 shows relationship between surplus % people perceiving an improvement in the past 5 years instead of deterioration (horizontally; six nations have a negative score) and surplus % of people expecting an improvement in the next 5 years instead of deterioration (vertically, no negative scores). (r=0,84; p<0,01; n=25)

The dots represent nations; the size of the dots represents % happy people in these nations.