Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1996c): study ZZ 1990

Adults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
N = 75000
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Value: Insecurity avoidance
Our Classification
Average response to 3 survey questions  among employees of an international company (IBM) in different nations:

a: How often do you feel nervous or tense at work (scores from 1 'I always feel this way' to 5 'I never feel this way')
b: Agreement with: Company rules should not be broken …. Even when employee thinks it is in company's best interest (score on a 1-5 scale)
c: The percentage of employees expressing their intent to stay with the company for a long-term career

Responses combined in a index of  insecurity avoidance

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-a r = -.28 Happy Life Years by Insecurity avoidance in 32 nations Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-a rpc = -.36 rpc controlled for buying power per capita