- Adults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
- N = 75000
- Non Response:
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's label
- Value: Autoritarism (Distance from power)
- Our Classification
- Average response to 3 survey questions among employees of an international company (IBM) in different nations.
a: Answers by nonmanagerial employees on the question: How frequently, in your experience, does the following problem occur: employees being afraid to express disagreement with their managers? (mean score on a 1-5 scale from 'very frequently' to 'very seldom')
b: Subordinates' perception of their boss's actual decision making style (percentage choosing either the description of an autocratic or of a paternalistic style out of 4 possible styles plus a 'none of these' alternative).
c: Subordinates' preference for their boss's decision-making style (percentage preferring an autocratic or a paternalistic style, or, on the contrary, a style based on majority vote, but not a consultative style)
Combined in Power Distance Index