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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1996c): study ZZ 1990

Public:
Adults, general public, 48 nations, around 1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 75000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Value: Individualism (versus collectivism)
Our Classification
  • NATION: CULTURE Current cultural conditions the nation Value climate in the nation Individualistic values in nation
Operationalization
Average response to survey questions about work values among employees of an international company (IBM) in different nations.
 
 Importance attached to:
 a: job that leaves time for personal life
 b: freedom on the job
 c: work that gives personal sense of achievement
 d: training opportunities
 e: good physical working conditions
 f: use of skills at the job
 
 Individualism: importance a,b,c > d,e,f
 Collectivism:  importance a,b,c < d,e,f

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-a r = +.74 Happy Life Years by Individualism in 32 nations Y-LH-l-sq-nt-100-a rpc = +.50 rpc controlled for buying power per capita