Correlational findings

Study Goldwurm et al. (2003): study IT 2001

Participants in a happiness training, Italy, 2001
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 80
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Efffect of happiness training
Our Classification
Training: N = 45, Control: N = 47
Related specification variables
1. The training program was as follows:
1A: 2 month long 6 meetings
1st meeting: Informaton, assesssment,
introduction of the 14 fundamentals, Homework on the fundamentals, readings
2nd to 5th meetings: lecture of diaries, discussion and encouragement, deepening of 3-4 fundamentatals each lesson, teaching of actuation techniqies Homework: daily diary
6th meeting: retest, information and role playing, discussion and encouragement
1B: 4 month and summer break:
In the Summer break homework training of the 14 fundamentals
1C: 7th meeting: analysis of the result of the test, retest, discussion and encouragement
8th meeting: final retest, check discussion, description of the research

0. The control group received general onformation about happiness

1: Training group:

0: Control Group : received general information about happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-ab D% = + ns               Training          Control
              Test   Retest     Test   Retest
              Mean   Mean       Mean   Mean
% Happy       51.95  55.94      52.69  52.82
% Neutral     27.93  28.12      33.21  32.03
% Unhappy     20.12  16.88      14.10  14.38
none of these differences is significant (05) in two sample test

Happiness assessed at:
T1: pre test at start of the course
T2: re test after 2 months, at 6th meeting
A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-ab D%sr = Difference CHANGE happiness trained vs controls
% happy     D%sr = + 3,86

Difference CHANGE happiness in trained group
% happy     D%sr = + 3,99