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Correlational findings

Study Zullig et al. (2006): study US 2003

Public:
18+aged, university students, USA, 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 459
Non Response:
48%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
By e-mail, anonymous

Correlate

Authors's label
Spirituality
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self reports on three questions:
A."Spirituality is very important to me"
B."I am very spiritual"
C."I rely on a higher power for guidance"

Response options:strongly agree (5), agree (4), neutral (3),
disagree (2), strongly disagree(1).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sq-v-7-e r = +.14 p < .01 A: Spirituality is very important to me. O-DT-u-sq-v-7-e r = +.14 p < .01 B: I am very spiritual. O-DT-u-sq-v-7-e r = +.14 p < .001 C: I rely on a higher power for guidance. O-DT-u-sq-v-7-e r = +.17 p < .001 A+B+C: Common factor spirituality. O-DT-u-sq-v-7-e rpc = +09 ns rpc controled for self perceived health.

All correlations unaffected by gender.