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Correlational findings

Study VandeVliert & Janssen (2002a): study ZZ 1986 /1

Public:
General public and students, 42 nations, 1986-1989
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 42
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Correlate

Authors's label
Gender gap in competitiveness
Our Classification
Operationalization
Difference in attitude of female and male university students.
Competitiveness was assessed with responses to the following 5 items:
-I try harder when I am in competition with other people
-It is important to me to perform better than others to a task
-I enjoy working in situations involving competition with others
-I feel that winning is important in both work and games
-It annoys me when other people perform better than I do
Assessed on a 5 point scale: 0=strongly disagree to 4= strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum---sq-nt-11-a r = +.35 p < .05 Greater happiness in nations were women are less competitive O-Sum---sq-nt-11-a b = +.28 p < .05 B ontrolled for:
- societal development (HDI
- overall competitiveness
O-Sum---sq-nt-11-a = .05 p < .10 5% additional variance explained when entered after societal development and overall competitiveness