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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1994c): study ZZ 1980

Public:
Adults, general public, 30 nations, 1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 30
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
mostly

Correlate

Authors's label
Education
Our Classification
Operationalization
Estes' 4 item Education Index:
+ school enrolment ratio
- pupil/teacher ratio in first level
- % adult illiteracy
+ % of GDP expenditure on education

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL---sq-nt-11-b r = +.71 p < .01 N (countries) = 27 O-HL---sq-nt-11-b rpc = +.65 p < .01 rpc controlled for real income per capita