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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1994c): study ZZ 1980

Public:
Adults, general public, 30 nations, 1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 30
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
mostly

Correlate

Authors's label
Political democracy
Our Classification
Operationalization
Estes' 6 item Index of Political Participation:
+ years since independence
+ years since most recent constitution
+ presence of a functioning parlamentary system
- influence of the military
+ number of national elections

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL---sq-nt-11-b r = +.61 p < .01 N (countries) = 22 O-HL---sq-nt-11-b rpc = +.28 ns rpc controlled for real income per capita