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Correlational findings

Study Veenhoven (1994c): study ZZ 1980

Public:
Adults, general public, 30 nations, 1980
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 30
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
mostly

Correlate

Authors's label
Freedom of press
Our Classification
  • NATION: SOCIETY Current societal characteristics of nation Freedom in nations Political freedom in nation Freedom of press in nation
Operationalization
The press freedom index was created by the University of Missouri School of Journalism…..two native and two nonnative judges were asked to rate each country on fixed scales for 23 items, such as legal controls, favoritism in the release of government news, and censoeship. The index consists of the averages of the scores and ranges from -4.00 for the least to +4.00 for the most.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL---sq-nt-11-b r = +.55 N (countries) = 27 O-HL---sq-nt-11-b rpc = +.28 rpc controlled for real income per capita