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Correlational findings

Study Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980

Public
Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
Sample
Respondents
N = 1150
Non Response
35%
Assessment
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Children
Our Classification
Remarks
Number of children at T1(1980), T2(1982), T3(1988), and T4(1992)
Distribution
M=.68, SD=.56, Range 0-3
Operationalization
The average number of children living in the respondent's household over the course of the study.(12 year interval)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.02 ns T1 Happiness by T1-T4 children O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.06 p < .05 T4 Happiness by T1-T4 children O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad Beta = -.03 ns T1-T4 change in happiness(T4 happiness controlling T1 happiness) by T1-T4 children
Controlling for
- Continuously married
- Divorced/Unmarried
- Divorced/Remarried
- Age
- Gender
- White
- Years of education
- Family income
- Stepchild
- Religiosity
- Remarried
- Cohabited