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Correlational findings

Study Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980

Public:
Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1150
Non Response:
35%
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Psychological Distress
Our Classification
Operationalization
8 itmes from Langner's(1962) scale of psychiatric symptoms indicating impairment.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.22 p < .001 T1 Happiness by T2 psychological distress
(3 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.22 p < .001 T4 Happiness by T2 psychological distress
(9 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.20 p < .001 T1 Happiness by T4 psychological distress
(12 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.41 p < .001 T4 Happiness by T4 psychological distress

T1 is 1980