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Correlational findings

Study Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980

Public
Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
Sample
Respondents
N = 1150
Non Response
35%
Assessment
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Psychological Distress
Our Classification
Remarks
Assessed with 9 year interval at T2(1983) and T4(1992)
Distribution
At T4: M=12.68, SD=2.18, Range 8-24
At T2: M=12.60, SD=2.45, Range 8-24
Operationalization
8 itmes from Langner's(1962) scale of psychiatric symptoms indicating impairment.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.22 p < .001 T1 Happiness by T2 psychological distress
(3 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.22 p < .001 T4 Happiness by T2 psychological distress
(9 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.20 p < .001 T1 Happiness by T4 psychological distress
(12 year interval)
O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = -.41 p < .001 T4 Happiness by T4 psychological distress

T1 is 1980