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Correlational findings

Study Hawkins & Booth (2005): study US 1980

Public
Couples, USA, followed 12 years, 1980-1992
Sample
Respondents
N = 1150
Non Response
35%
Assessment
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Self-esteem
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Alpha= .77
Remarks
Assessed at T4
Distribution
M=19.31, SD=2.15, Range 6-24
Operationalization
A six-item, Likert-type scale ranged 1= non to 5= a great deal.(Rogenburg et al. 1995)
It addresses aspects such as whether respondents feel that they have good qualities, feel useless at times, are satisfied with themselves, or feel that they are failures.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = +.30 p < .001 T4 Happiness by T4 self-esteem O-HL-c-sq-v-3-ad r = +.14 p < .001 T4 Happiness at by T1 Self-esteem (1980, 12 years earlier)