Correlational findings

Study Holloway & Carson (1999): study GB 1990

Mental patients, UK, followed 3 years,1990-1993
N = 70
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)
Our Classification
Beck et al.(1979) Depression Inventory
Each question has a set of at least four possible answer choices, ranging in intensity.
For example:
- I do feel sad
- I feel sad
- I am sad all the time and I can't snap out of it
- I am so sad or unhappy that I can't stand it
A: I am sad
B: I am afraid of the future
C: I failed as a person
D: I am not happy
E: I feel guilty
F: I have being punished
G: I feel disapointed
H: I am a bad person
I: I think often over a suicide
J: I am crying very often
K: I feel get annoyed
L: I have lack of interest in other persons
M: I have lack of dississsion
N: I am not good-looking
O: I dislike work
P: I sleep not well
Q: I am fatigue
R: I have a lack of appetite
S: Ihave lost weight
T: I am afraid of my health
U: I have lack of interst in sex

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a r = -.41 O-DT-u-sqt-v-7-a rpc = -.28 p < .004 rpc controled for depression as measured by subscale of Compresensive Psychatric Rating Scale(CPRS)