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Correlational findings

Study Winkelmann (2006): study DE 2000

Public
16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
Survey name
DE-SOEP 2000
Sample
Respondents
N = 640
Non Response
Assessment
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's Label
Intellectual environment
Our Classification
Distribution
                                M                     SD
Father gymnasium    0.146 (15 %)    0.354
Mother gymnasium   0.092 (1%)       0.289
Operationalization
educational attainment of the parents: if the mother or father, respectively, completed the highest general schooling level

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a = father gymnasium
probit result= -0,153
CI95=[ -0,42  0,11]
mother gymnasium
probit result= -0,083
CI95=[-0,41  0,24]

also controlled for:
- non-intact family
- household income
- having an own room
- being a single child
- gender
- German nationality
- Territory of West Germany
- Being in school
- Engaged in vocational training
- work
- region of childhood (mid-sized city,small-city, rural area)
- type of school(hauptschule, realschule, gymnasium)
- good student
- repeat a grade