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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Having children
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct question: "Do or did you have any children?"
0 No children
1 Children

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.01 ns France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.03 ns Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.07 p < .01 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.06 p < .01 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.01 ns Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.03 ns Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.07 p < .01 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.13 p < .01 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.04 ns Northern Ireland

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DMt = + EC (stratified sample)   
No children        Mt'=  6.56
Children           Mt'=  6.78
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = ns In none of the european countries, ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in mu;ltiple regression analysis, when controlling for: happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 2.3); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, male sex,  education, marital status, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.