# Correlational findings

## Study Diener et al. (1995b): study US 1993

Public
College students, USA 199?
Sample
Respondents
N = 146
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Photographs and video

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Physical attractiveness
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha: a=.90, b=.88, c=.82, d=.56
Operationalization
Photographs and video were taken under the different conditions conditions.
A: natural(head and shoulders):  Ss was told to stand at a designated spot and  a frontal head and shoulder photo
B: natural(full length): a condition with a full-length photo were shot.
C: unadorned : Ss were asked to remove jewelry and facial cosmetics and then instructed to place their face through a piece of poster board that had an oval cutout large enough for them to do so.
D: video: Ss were first asked to look at directly into the video camera were prompted to say anything they wanted about themselves. In general Ss talked about being college students and about the activities surrounding university life. After 45-60 seconds they were told to stop and face the experimenter while they talked about their family. It was videotaped from 3/4 profile angle and for 45-60 seconds.

Three sets of photographs  were rated by 8 raters(four males and four females) and video interview by 5 assistants on a scale of 0(extremely unattractive) to 9(extremely attractive)

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = +.17 p < .05 A natural(head and shoulders) M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = +              Attractiveness ratings
males        M       SD
- happy      3.8       0.9
- unhappy    3.4       0.9
Females
- happy      4.6       0.9
- unhappy    4.4       1.0
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = +.08 ns b natural(full length) M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = 0              Attractiveness ratings
males        M         SD
- happy      4.3       0.8
- unhappy    3.9       1.0
Females
- happy      4.6       1.0
- unhappy    4.6       1.0
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = -.01 ns c unadorned photo M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = 0              Attractiveness ratings
males        M         SD
- happy      4.0       0.6
- unhappy    4.0       0.8
Females
- happy      4.1       0.9
- unhappy    4.0       0.7
M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = +.08 ns d video M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a = +              Attractiveness ratings
males        M         SD
- happy      5.2       1.2
- unhappy    4.6       1.0
Females
- happy      5.5       2.2
- unhappy    5.2       1.4