Correlational findings

Study Diener et al. (1995b): study US 1993

College students, USA 199?
N = 146
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Photographs and video


Authors's Label
Satisfaction with Life (SWLS)
Our Classification
The satisfaction with life scale is not considered a valid measure of happiness. Because a positive answer to the E question does not necessarily mean that the respondent doesn't like the life he/she actually lives.
Selfreport on four questions:

Using the 1-5 scale below, indicate your agreement with each of the items by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding.
A  In most ways my life is close to ideal
B  The conditions of my life are excellent
C  I am satisfied with my life
D  So far, I have gotten the important things I want in life
E  If I could live my life over, I would change nothing

Answers rated:
5 strongly agree
4 slightly agree
3  neither agree nor disagree
2  slightly disagree
1  strongly disagree

Computation: A+B+C+D+E divided by 5

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-v-10-a DM = +              SWLS score
males        M        SD
- happy      28.6     3.2  
- unhappy    20.3     5.9
- happy      27.9     3.6  
- unhappy    22.8     4.0