Correlational findings

Study Winkelmann (2006): study DE 2000

16-18 aged, Germany, 2000-2001
Survey name
DE-SOEP 2000
N = 640
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Family structure
Our Classification
M=0.210 SD= 0.408

Non-intact years: M = 49,9% SD=27,6 %
0 intact family = living with both parents
1 non-intact family = living with mother only, father only or non of the parents.

2) non-intact years: proportion of non-intact yearst among the first 15 years of lie in percent.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a DM = - O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a OPRC = -.23 p < .01 No controls:            CI95=[-0,45 -0,06] O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a OPRC = -.20 ns OPRC CI95=[-0,50 0,11] controlled for:
- non-intact years.
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a OPRC = -.17 ns OPRC additionally controlled for :
- non-intact family
- having an own room
- being a single child
(not for non-intact years)
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a OPRC = -.17 ns OPRC CI95=[-0,38  0,04]additionally controlled for:
-German nationality
-Territory of West Germany
-Being in school
-Engaged in vocational training
-lives at home
-region of childhood (mid-sized city,small-
CI95=[-0,38  0,04]
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a OPRC = -.14 ns OPRC probit result= -0,139
CI95=[-0,35 0,08] additionally controlled for
-type of school(hauptschule, realschule, gymnasium)
-good student
-repeat a grade
-education of parents(father gymnasium, mother gymnasium)
-log number of books in the household
O-HL-c-sq-n-11-a = Effect of non-intact years also controlled for non-intact family.
probit result= -0,001
CI95=[-0,01 0,00]