Correlational findings

Study Hernandez Plaza et al. (2004): study ES 2000

Moroccan immigrants, Spain, 2000
N = 100
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Face to face interviews were conducted by the first author of this article, with the collaboration of seven Moroccan mediators who translated the questions into Arabic when necessary and gave access to the sample


Authors's Label
Housing type
Our Classification
Standard housing: 27%, Sub-standard housing: 73%
Housing type was measured by one closed item:"in what type of housing do you live?":
A. Flat
B. House
C. Semi-demolished house
D. Prefabricated module
E. "Cortijo" (shanty in greenhouse area)
F. Warehouse, garage
G. Greenhouse
H. Pension
I. Other

Answers were dicotomized in two categories:
2. Standard housing     (A+B)
1. Sub-standard housing (C+D+E+F+G+H+I)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO-u-mq-v-5-ba DM = 1 sub-standard housing: M = 1,52; SD = 0,69
2 standard housing:     M = 2,22; SD = 1,02
M-CO-u-mq-v-5-ba F = 6.49 p < .013 Univariate analysis of variance, main effect
Controlling for:
- gender
- age