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Correlational findings

Study Ryff & Keyes (1995): study US 1990

Public:
25+ aged, USA, 199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1108
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Environmental mastery
Our Classification
Operationalization
Self report on 3 items rated on a 6-point scale ranging from completely disagree to completely agree.
-High scorers: have a sense of mastery and competence in managing the environment; control complex array of external activities; make effective use of surrounding opportunities; able to choose or create contexts suitable to personal needs and values.
-Low scorers: have difficulty managing everyday affairs; feel unable to change or improve surrounding context; are unaware of surrounding opportunities; lack sense of control over external world.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-cm-sq-v-4-b r = +.40 p < .00 C-BW-?-sq-?-11-a r = +.39 p < .00