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Correlational findings

Study Wright & Staw (1999): study US 1994

Public
Social welfare department employees, USA, 199?, followed 4 years
Sample
Respondents
N = 81
Non Response
35%
Assessment
Questionnaire: paper
Work performance rated by departmental manager.

Correlate

Authors's Label
Positive and Negative mood
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha: Positive mood T2: 0.91 T3 0.86 Negative mood T2: 0.93 T3 0.90
Operationalization
PANAS scale; 'this day'version.
Subjects indicated the extent to which they experienced each mood state that day on a five point scale ranging from 'very slightly or not at all' to extremely'. Postive and negative mood are measured separately.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.49 p < .01 T1 happiness by T2 positive mood (3 year lag) A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.49 p < .01 T1 happiness by T3 positive mood (4 years lag) A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = -.31 p < .05 T1 happiness by T2 negative mood (3 year lag) A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = -.39 p < .05 T1 happiness by T3 negative mood (4 years lag) A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.41 p < .01 T2 happiness by T2 positive mood A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.42 p < .01 T2 happiness by T3 positive mood (1 year lag) A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = -.46 p < .01 T2 happiness by T2 negative mood A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = -.44 p < .01 T2 happiness by T3 negative mood (1 years lag)