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Correlational findings

Study Diener & Seligman (2002): study US 1997

Public:
Undergraduate students, US, 199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 222
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Daily report of mood and activities during 51 days; peer ratings.

Correlate

Authors's label
Depression
Our Classification
Operationalization
Depression subscale of Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Pathology Scales(with K corrections);
Facets are:
- Poor morale
- lack of hope in the future
- a general dissatisfaction with one's own life situation.
High scores are clinical depression whilst lower scores are more general unhappiness with life.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-AO---mqr-*-0-a = .39 p < .05                      Mean depression         
a 10% least happy          26.9
b 27% close to average     19.8  
c 10% most happy           15.9
M-AO---mqr-*-0-a MCT = p < .05 a > b > c