Correlational findings

Study Wright & Bonett (1993): study US 1988

Human services personel; USA; followed for 2 years, 198?
N = 33
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Mental health; work performance rated by top-ranking supervisor


Authors's Label
Mental health
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha: PA: T1: .76 T2 .71, NA T1: .69 T2 .68
T1: M=3,42 SD = 1,41 T2: M=3,64 SD = 1,52
Selfreport on 8 questions:
Here is a list that describes some of the ways people feel at different times. How often do you feel each of these ways?
A  On top of the world
B  Very lonely or remote from other people
C  Particularly excited or interested in something
D  Pleased about having accomplished something
E  Bored
F  Depressed or very unhappy
G  So restless that you could not sit long in a chair
H  Vaguely uneasy about something without knowing why

Reponse options:
never (0, sometimes (1), often (3)

PA  =  A+C+D           (range 0-9)
NA  =  B+E+F+G+H       (range 0-15)
ABS =  PA-NA           (range 1-7)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.76 p < .0001 T1 happiness by T2 happiness (1 year lag) A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.93 p < .0001 T1 + T2 happiness by  T1 happiness A-BB-u-mq-v-3-e r = +.94 p < .0001 T1 + T2 happiness by  T2 (happiness)