Correlational findings

Study Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993 /1

University students, Germany, 199?, followed 4 month
N = 127
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionaires in class at T1 and by mail at home at T2, T3 and T4. T1 + T2: Assesment of motivation with Picture Story Excercise. Next Ss listed two agentic goals and two communal goals they intended to pursue thoughout the current semester. Ss also rated their commitment of these goals and their attainability. T3+4: Ss rated how much progress they had made in achieving the goals listed at T1. Mood adjective checlist administrated at T1, T2, T3 and T4


Authors's Label
Emotional wellbeing
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha: T1+2: .89, T3+4: .94
Assessed at T1: early in November T2: early in December T3: mid-January T4: mid-February
T1+T2:  M=6.10, SD=6.94
T3+T4:  M=6.72, SD=6.82
Selfreport on 12 questions: frequent one experienced moods in the past week..
A  happy
B  joyful
C  contented
D cheerful
E  pleasant
F  elated
G  frustrated
H  sad
I   depressed
J  dissatisfied
K  gloomy
L  dejected

Rated 1: scarcely … 5: very frequently

Summation: (A+B+C+D+ E+ F) - (G+H+I+J+K+L)

Name: adapted from UWIST mood adjective checklist (Mathews et. al. 1990)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-cw-mq-n-5-a r = +.54 p < .001 T1+T2 happiness by T3+T4 happiness (Six week interval)