Correlational findings

Study Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993 /1

University students, Germany, 199?, followed 4 month
N = 127
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionaires in class at T1 and by mail at home at T2, T3 and T4. T1 + T2: Assesment of motivation with Picture Story Excercise. Next Ss listed two agentic goals and two communal goals they intended to pursue thoughout the current semester. Ss also rated their commitment of these goals and their attainability. T3+4: Ss rated how much progress they had made in achieving the goals listed at T1. Mood adjective checlist administrated at T1, T2, T3 and T4


Authors's Label
Perceived attainability of communal goals
Our Classification
M=16.24, SD=2.53
At T1+2 Ss listed two agentic goals they intended to pursue during the current semester. They then rated their attainability to these goals on the following items:
-I have many opportunities in my everyday life to work on this goal
-My everyday life is rich with incentives stimulating me to try for this goal
-The accomplishment of this goal depends on circumstances that are not under my personal control(Reverse scoring)
-I can manage my life situation in such a way that it promotes the accomplishment of this goal
-Other people encourage me to work on this goal
-Other people give me valuable ideas of how I can proceed with this goal

Rated: 1: strongly disagree to 5: strongly agree

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-cw-mq-n-5-a r = +.20 p < .05 at T1+T2 A-AB-cw-mq-n-5-a r = +.29 p < .01 at T3+T4 A-AB-cw-mq-n-5-a b = +.15 ns Initial commitment by subsequent CHANGE in happiness: T1+2 commitment by T3+4 happiness controlling T1+2 happiness

B further controled for:
- predominant agentic motivation
- commitment to agentic goals
- commitment to communal goals
- perceived attainability of communal goals

Agency motivated Ss:    B = +.07 (ns)
Communion motivated Ss: B = +.18 (ns)

No gender difference in any finding