Correlational findings

Study Nock (1981): study US 1973

16+ aged working force, USA, followed 5 years, 1973-1977
N = 963
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Birth of first child
Our Classification
At T1 is observed if a family has any children under the age of 5. At T2 if a child was born in the last 5 years. Since the sample includes individuals formerly married, some marriages are begun with children present from former marriages. Hence a first birth may represent a subsequent birth for a individual who already had children. For most families with no child under 5 at the beginning of the study a child born during the study will be their first. Although this is not true for all the families.
1: N = 73 ( 7,58 %)
First birth within last 10 years
1 = Yes
0 = No

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-n-7-c b = +.09 ns T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness: correlation with T2 happiness, controlled T1 happiness O-SLu-c-sq-n-7-c b = +.14 ns B's further controlled for:
- education
- sex
- race
- age