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Correlational findings

Study Moen et al. (1995): study US 1956

Public:
Mothers USA, followed 30 years 1956-1986
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 313
Non Response:
20
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
And questionnaire. In 1986 also extensive life history data were collected.

Correlate

Authors's label
Caregiving
Our Classification
Operationalization
0 not currently caregiver
1 current caregiver

Caregiving includes respondents’reports of providing assistance to ill, handicapped, of older relatives, including spouse and adult children, and in a few cases “fictive’ kin in the form of a close neighbor or friend.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-CO---mq-v-3-a DMa = - ns T2 caregiving by T2 happiness

Unaffected by:
- T1 happiness (so no change in happiness)
- T1 religious involvement
- T1 volunteering
M-CO---mq-v-3-a DMa =                     T2 happiness
T1 self-esteem      caregivers  non-caregivers
- low               Ma = 2,34   Ma = 2,70 (10)
- high              Ma = 2,96   Ma = 2,76
M-CO---mq-v-3-a DMa =                     T2 happiness
T1 Multiple role occupancy
                    caregivers  non-caregivers
- low               Ma = 2,58   Ma = 2,25 (05)
- high              Ma = 2,48   Ma = 2,65
M-CO---mq-v-3-a DMa = ns T2 caregiving by T1 happiness (30 years ago)

Ma controled for:
- age
- T2 marital status
- T2 education