Correlational findings

Study Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993

University students, Erlangen, Germany,199?
N = 98
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
And structured mood diary.


Authors's label
Progress in communal goals
Our Classification
Ss were asked to list one goal within each of four striving areas: a) striving for intimacy and interpersonal closeness b) affiliation and friendly social contacts c) achivement and mastery experiences d) independence, social influence, and self-reliance

Average rating of progress in the striving areas a and b

Ss were asked to  progress made in each goal during the past week on four aspects. Rating are made on 5-point scales(1=disagree strongly, 2=disagree somewhat, 3=neither agree nor disagree, 4= agree somewhat, 5=agree strongly)

1.Advancement: I have made a great deal pf progress in the attempt of advancing this goal
2.Stagnation: I have hardly made any progress in accomplishing this goal(Revese scoring)
3.Success: I have quite a lot of success in pursuing this goal
4.Failure: Many of my efforts in realizing this goal have failed(Reverse scoring)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-mp-mq-n-5-a r = +31 p < .01 Correlation with initial mood A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a r = +31 p < .01 Correlation with 2 weeks average daily mood A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a b = + Correlation with CHANGE in mood, 2 weeks average daily mood, controling initial mood
- positive among communal motivated Ss
  (B = +.42 (01)
- no correlation among agentic motivated Ss

All relations unaffected by gender
A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a DM = Difference in average daily mood between Ss high and low on progress in communal goals (1 SD above or below mean, means expressed in z-scores)
- high-progress Ss high on communal motivation
  feel better
- low-progress Ss high on communal motivation
  feel worse
- little difference in mood among Ss low in
  communal motivation, irrespective of progress
  in communal goals

All results similar for males and females