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Correlational findings

Study Brunstein et al. (1998): study DE 1993

Public:
University students, Erlangen, Germany,199?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 98
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
And structured mood diary.

Correlate

Authors's label
Communal need
Our Classification
Operationalization
TEST:
Picture-story exercise: Ss were asked to write imaginative stories to each of six picture cues. In a relaxed atmosphere, they were allowed 5 min to write each story. The pictures depicted, in order administrated, a man sitting at an office desk, tow female scientists working in a laboratory, a ship's captain talking with another man, two people sitting on a park bench, a man and a woman on a trapeze, and a man, a woman, an a guitar player in a nightclub.

CODING:
Ss verbal protocols were content coded for 3 kinds of motive imagery in running text:
- power
- achivement
- affiliation-intimacy
Expressed in mentioning per 1000 words

DERIVED SCORE:
Communal need = afilliation-intimacy

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AB-mp-mq-n-5-a r = +.15 ns Corelation with initial mood A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a r = +.07 ns Correlation with 2 weeks average daily mood A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a b = Correlation with CHANGE in mood: 2 weeks average daily mood controling initial mood
- negative among Ss reporting progress in
  agentic goals:  B = -.21 (05)
- positive among Ss reporting progress in
  communal goals: B = +.17 (05)
A-AB-mp-mqr-n-5-a DM = Difference in average daily mood between Ss high and low on need for communion (1 SD above or below mean, means expressed in z-scores)
- high-need Ss who report high progress in
  communal goals feel better
- high-need Ss who report low progress in
  communal goals feel worse
- low-need Ss differ little in mood,
  irrespective of progress in communal goals

Difference in average daily mood between Ss high and low on progress in agentic goals (1 SD above or below mean, means expressed in z-scores)
- high-progress Ss high on agentic motivation
  feel better
- low-progress Ss high on agentic motivation
  feel worse
- little difference in mood among Ss low in
  agentic motivation, irrespective of progress
  in agentic goals

All results similar for males and females