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Correlational findings

Study Jol (1996): study NL 1997

Public:
Mothers, The Netherlands 1997
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 40000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Working hours per week
Our Classification
Operationalization
Working hours per week

0 not working
1 1-11
2 12-20
3 21-30
4 >=31

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-d DM = working hours              age of children
                 0-4     5-12    13-18   >=19
no work         M=3,5   M=3,4   M=3,2   M=3,3
1-11            M=3,6   M=3,5   M=3,4   M=3,3
12-20           M=3,7   M=3,6   M=3,5   M=3,5
21-30           M=3,7   M=3,6   M=3,4   M=3,5
>=31            M=3,6   M=3,4   M=3,5   M=3,4
O-HP-u-sq-v-5-a DM = No figures reported.
For mothers with young children the hours they work make no difference for their satisfaction level.

Mothers with primary school children who work more than 31 hours a week are on the same level as housewives. They are the only group working women who are not happier than housewives.

Mothers with elderly children (>= 19)happier if they work more than 31 hours, though the differences are small.