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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Lack of purpose
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct question, rate on a 4 point scale: "How often do you feel hopeless about life, that it makes no sense at all?"
1 Often
2 Now and than
3 Seldom
4 Never

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.29 p < .01 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.34 p < .01 Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.42 p < .01 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.28 p < .01 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.30 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.36 p < .01 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.32 p < .01 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.24 p < .01 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.30 p < .01 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.43 p < .01 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.33 EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DMt = - EC (stratified sample)   
Often              Mt'=  5.00
Now and then       Mt'=  6.00                  Seldom             Mt'=  6.78                  Never              Mt'=  7.44
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = ns In none of the European countries ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 2.3); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, education, marital status, having children, male sex, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; loneliness, tolerance, trust in people and sense of control.