Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981
- 18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
- Survey name
- INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1
- N = 12464
- Non Response
- Authors's Label
- Lack of purpose
- Our Classification
- Direct question, rate on a 4 point scale: "How often do you feel hopeless about life, that it makes no sense at all?"
2 Now and than
Observed Relation with Happiness
Often Mt'= 5.00
Now and then Mt'= 6.00 Seldom Mt'= 6.78 Never Mt'= 7.44
happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 2.3); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, education, marital status, having children, male sex, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; loneliness, tolerance, trust in people and sense of control.