Correlational findings

Study Cantril (1965): study ZZ 1960

20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
Survey name
INT-Cantril World Survey
N = 18653
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
by native interviewer


Authors's Label
National worries andfears
Our Classification
Content analysis of an open-ended ques- tion on fears and worries for the fu-
ture of one's country. Responses rated as concerning:

1.  Political:
    dishonest government; inefficient
    government; communism; no democracy
    or representative government; fear
    country will become socialistic;
    lack or loss of freedom; lack of
    law and order; disunity among
    people of the nation; political in-
    stability, chaos, civil war; high
    or increased taxes; etc.

2.  Economic:
    no improvement in or inadequate  
    standard of living; no technologi-
    cal advances, economic backward-
    ness, low productivity; failure to
    preserve present standard of living
    economic instability; unemployment;

3.  Social:
    social injustice; continued discri-
    mination, prejudice or exploitat-
    ion; inadequate educational facili-
    ties and schoolings; poor and un-
    fair working conditions; abuses by
    labor; unlimited population growth;
    no sense of social and political
    responsibility or awareness; lack
    of morality, ethical standards, re-
    ligion; too much mechanization and
    standardization, materialism, con-
    formity; etc.

4.  International:
    war; continued armament, no control
    or banning of nuclear weapons; no
    lessening of cold war; isolation
    from other nations; inability to
    maintain neutrality; etc.

5.  Independent status:
    not to maintain or attain the posi-
    tion of a world power; lose or
    have no status or importance; fail-
    ure to exert ideological or moral
    leadership; lack or loss of natio-
    nal independence; threat, agression
    domination by a communist power or
    any foreign power; etc.

6.  Have no fears for nation:
    no fears or worries for the coun-
7.  Fear of war:
    Item mentioned in open-ended ques-
    tion on fears and worries for one's
    personal future and/or for the fu-
    ture of one's country.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = -.04 p < .01

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = -.08 p < .01

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.11 p < .01

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.29 p < .01

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.11 p < .01

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = -.02 ns

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a DMt = + ns

Fear of war Mt = 5.1
No fear     Mt = 4.8

In each of the separate countries the differences were non-significant.