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Correlational findings

Study Perneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998

Public:
University students, Switzerland, 1998.
Survey name:
Unnamed study
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1257
Non Response:
36%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire

Correlate

Authors's label
Smokes cigarettes
Our Classification
Operationalization
1- No
2- Yes

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-a D% = - p < .013 % happy (all or most of the time)
1: 65,2
2: 57,5