Correlational findings

Study Perneger et al. (2004): study CH 1998

University students, Switzerland, 1998.
Survey name
Unnamed study
N = 1257
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Mailed questionnaire


Authors's Label
Physical health
Our Classification
Physical health summary score (Ware & Kosinski, 1996)
Self-report on six questions

'In general, would you say your health is':
5 Excellent
4 Very Good
3 Good
2 Fair
1 Poor

'The following items are about activities you might do during a typical day.  Does your health now limit you in these activities?  If so, how much?'
-'Moderate activities, such as moving a table, pushing a vaccuum cleaner, bowling, or playing golf'
-'Climbing several flights of stairs'
3 Yes, limited a lot
2 Yes, limited a little
1 No, not limited at all

During the past four weeks, have you had any of the following problems with your work or other regular daily activities as a result of your physical health?
-'Accomplished less than you would like?'
-'Were limited in the kind of work or other activities?'
Either 'yes' or 'no'

'During the past four weeks, how much of the time has your physical health or emotional problems interfered with your social activities (like visiting with friends, relatives, etc)?
5- All of the time
4- Most of the time
1- None of the time

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-a D% = + p < .17 % happy (all or most of the time)
Lowest quartile : 53,6
2nd quartile    : 64,5
3rd quartile    : 78,1
Highest quartile: 54,5
M-TH-cm-sq-v-5-a OR = +                           OR     CI 95
Lowest quartile           1      -
2nd quartile              1,1    0,7-1,7
3rd quartile              1,7    1,0-2,6
Highest quartile          0,9    0,6-1,4

Odds Ratio controlled for:
-mental health
-intimate contact (love and affection)
-sex (women vs. men)
-nationality (Swiss vs. Other)